PREVAIL: Prevention of Child Sexual Violence


Through the PREVAIL component of the Visible Youth program, SiKanda promotes the strengthening of individual, group and community protection factors for the prevention of violence, particularly sexual violence, against girls and adolescents.

The sessions consist of storytelling and individual and collective analysis and reflection, finally, the group creates and defines sexual violence prevention tools.


The methodology is based on the game and the reading of stories, their reflection and individual analysis and in collaborative groups to build and define prevention tools against sexual violence. The sessions are differentiated by sex and age to guarantee the relevance of the story and the tools.

Intergenerational sessions are also incorporated, that is, where girls, adolescents and adult women coexist, to foster networks of trust and support in processes such as menstruation, body changes and the exercise of sexuality.

It also works at the community level through training for teachers and local authorities, and promoting the creation of a Community Child Protection Team.

PREVAIL focuses on 5 axes / basic protection factors, which adapt and work according to the age and stage of development of childhood and adolescence:

  1. Body Autonomy: Your body is your own and it is necessary to know it. Body autonomy is based on self-knowledge and respect for our bodies. If girls, boys and adolescents know their body and how it works, they will feel more comfortable and will better recognize their own sensations and limits for making decisions. Knowing the names of each part of the body is emphasized, as well as positive and negative ways of touching and sharing with other people. The participants identify the private parts of their body as those normally covered by a bathing suit, and they know and reflect on the concept of “consent” to touch others.
  2. The right to say NO!: People have the right to 1) share, to be listened to and taken care of about what bothers us, free from doubts, guilt or the minimization or denial of our feelings; 2) reject any practice that we consider damages our physical, mental and / or emotional integrity, without being judged or blamed for it; 3) recognize and name our limits and 4) say NO! in any situation that makes us uncomfortable: from greeting a relative with a kiss to going to a place that does not make us feel safe. Children and adolescents have the right to decide. This axis focuses on recognizing the protection strategies that girls and boys implement to feel safer (accompanying themselves to places that they perceive as risky, such as the bathroom or on the way home), underlining the responsibility of adults in protection and prevention in the face of situations of risk and / or abuse towards girls, boys, adolescents; and put the accent on identifying and communicating situations of abuse to trusted people, with the security of being recognized and cared for.
  3. Identification of emotions: Recognizing our emotions is essential to identify when a situation or a person makes us uncomfortable and to recognize signs of abuse. Learning to know our emotions and to name them will help us communicate what we don’t like. Children learn to recognize alarm signals that their body gives them when they feel uncomfortable, such as sweating on the body or palms of the hands, trembling, feeling weak legs, goose bumps, upset stomach, wanting to go to the bathing, crying, or nausea.
  4. Good and bad secrets: There are secrets between friends that generate complicity, but there are secrets that we should not keep in any way. If a child has a secret that makes them feel uncomfortable, or if someone asks them to keep a secret that makes them feel bad, they will learn to recognize the difference and turn to their support network. In this way, protective factors against practices such as “grooming” are worked on.
  5. Support networks. Girls and boys, they are not alone!: There are people we can turn to when a situation or person we do not like or make uncomfortable. The adults who love and protect us will believe us if we tell them what happens to us. The girls and boys will identify their trusted adults, inside and outside the home. They will also learn to recognize themselves as part of the support network of their peers.
  • 146 girls and boys aged 10 to 12 participated in sessions to identify risk factors for sexual violence.
  • 3 intergenerational sessions between youth and adults to share sexual violence prevention strategies.
  • 178 mothers recognize the changes in puberty of their sons and daughters.
  • Fathers and mothers recognize the community as a protection mechanism.
  • Parents recognize the importance of children and youth having peer and intergenerational support networks.
  • Mothers identify elements and situations of risk that NNAJ face according to their age and contexts.
  • Children and youth recognize their own learning and share initiatives to strengthen collaboration.
  • Children and youth recognize tools for preventing violence and protecting the exercise of their rights.
  • Children and youth recognize the relationship with their bodies / identities as part of sexuality.

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